The city began as a mining settlement in the late 1800s with
the discovery of tin at the confluence of the Klang and Gombak
rivers. Although KL's tin trade has since declined, the growth
of the city has remained unabated. Today, with a population
of 1.5 million, it is the pulse of the nation. Kuala Lumpur
leads the country's fast paced development in trade and commerce,
banking and finance, manufacturing, transportation, information
technology and tourism. Kuala Lumpur was conferred the city
status on February 1, 1972 and declared a Federal Territory
Kuala Lumpur , the capital city of the Federation of Malaysia,
is centrally located on the west coast of Peninsular Malaysia.
Covering some 243 sq km (94 square miles), it lies approximately
35 km from the coast.
Getting to Kuala Lumpur is
easy with over 40 international airlines, inclusing Malaysia
Airlines, serving the city's new state-of-art Kuala Lumpur
International Airport (KLIA) at Sepang. Domestic routes are
served by Air Asia, Pelangi Air, Singapore Airlines and Royal
Brunei Airlines, in addition to Malaysia Airlines.
- Ethnic :
59% Malay & other indigenous, 32% Chinese and 9% Indian.
Muslim (primarily Malays), Buddhism (Chinese), Hindu (Indian),
Christianity, Confucianism, Taoism and tribal religions.
Malay (official), English, Chinese dialects, Mandarin, Hakka
dialects, Cantonese, Tamil and numerous tribal languages.
- Malaysia is located in the
heart of Southeast Asia, slightly north of the Equator.
Consisting of 127,000 sq. miles (330,200 sq. km), Malaysia
is divided into two main regions: - Peninsular Malaysia,
which lies just south of Thailand, and East Malaysia, which
can be found north of Indonesia on the island of Borneo.
These two regions are divided into thirteen states and federal
- Although East Malaysia occupies
the larger portion of Malaysia's total area, it is primarily
comprised of undeveloped land and jungles. Approximately
80% of the nation's total population occupies the main peninsula.
The terrain is certain to remain etched in the memories
of all visitors for life. It is extremely diverse and consists
of some of the world's finest coral reefs, vast stretches
of white sandy beaches, green hills, towering mountains,
limestone formations, networks of white-water rivers perfect
for rafting, lakes and vast expanses of jungle and tropical
rain forest. The territories that comprise of Malaysia were
British protectorates in the 1920s. Malaysian nationalism
reached its peak during the 1930s an d again in the Post-World
War II Era, culminating in the formation of the Federation
of Malaya in 1957, which became Malaysia in 1963.
- Things to Know
- Shop Hours: - Department
stores and supermarkets are usually open from 10am to 10pm
and shops from 9:30am to 7pm. In Kuala Lumpur, as well as
in most major towns, there are several 24-hour stores.
- Bank Hours: - Monday through
Friday from 10am to 3pm, and Saturday 9:30am to 11:30am.
Close on every 1st Saturday.
- Holidays: - Weekly holidays
vary from region to region. In Selangor, Melaka, Penang,
Perak, Pahang and Negri Sembilan, there is a half-day holiday
on Saturday and a full-day holiday on Sunday. In the states
of Johor, Kedah, Perlis, Teren gganu and Kelantan a traditional
half-day holiday is observed on Thursday and full-day holiday
on Friday; Saturday and Sunday are treated as weekdays.
Note: If a holiday falls on a weekend or Friday, the following
day becomes a holiday.
- Time: - 13 hours ahead of
Eastern Standard Time and16 hours ahead of Pacific Standard
Time, 7 hours of GMT;
Tipping: Tipping is usually not necessary, unless service
is excellent. Most hotels and large restaurants automatically
add a 5% service charge in addition to the 5% government
tax to the bill (indicated by a ++ sign on menus and rate
- Porters: - Tip porters about
M$1 per bag. Any tip less than 50 sen would be considered
- Hotel maids: - Service charge
added automatically. Additional tipping is unnecessary,
unless to acknowledge excellent service.
- Taxis: - Most taxis are fitted
with meters, but these are used only in major towns such
as Kuala Lumpur, Johor Bahru and Ipoh. Taxi rates are currently
M$1 for the first kilometer (.62mi) and 30 sen for each
subsequent half kilometer (.31mi). Malaysians usually tip
drivers with their coin change. To acknowledge excellent
service, 10% is greatly appreciated but not expected. Nevertheless
during the Formula One, taxis at the Sepang Circuit, do
not use the meters and usually overcharge. There are very
limited taxis and public transportation at the circuit is
very bad. It is advisable to either rent a car or get a
complete package that includes transportation to and from
the Circuit or Kuala Lumpur.
Situated at the crossroads
of South East Asia, Malaysia is easily accessible from most
parts of the world by air, surface and sea links. Over 40
international airlines fly into the country while the national
carrier, Malaysia Airlines, has a global network that spans
six continents and a national network that covers more than
36 local destinations.
A large number of visitors to Malaysia arrive by air. There
are six international airports in Malaysia with the main gateway
being the KL International Airport (KLIA) at Sepang in the
state of Selangor. The rest of the country including Sabah,
Sarawak and the Federal Territory of Labuan in East Malaysia
is well serviced by 14 domestic airports and airstrips for
the rural areas.
Located 48km north of Alor Setar in the northern state of
Kedah, Bukit Kayu Hitam is the main entry point into Malaysia
for visitors from Thailand. The Malaysian immigration and
customs post is located near restaurants, shops, car parks
and a duty-free shopping complex. The North-South Expressway
links Bukit Kayu Hitam to Kuala Lumpur, 490km away.
Johor Bahru is the main
southern entry-point into Peninsular Malaysia for visitors
entering Malaysia from Singapore . The North-South Expressway
links Johor Bahru with Kuala Lumpur 220km to the north and
takes in several towns along the way.
A causeway carrying a
road and railway, connects Johor Bahru to Singapore. Immigration
and Customs checkpoints are based at the entrance to the Causeway.
A second bridge links Tanjung Kupang 30km south-west of Johor
Bahru, to Tuas in Singapore. Keretapi Tanah Melayu (KTM) has
train services connecting Singpore to Johor Bahru and other
states in the peninsula right up to Padang Besar on the border
Both Peninsular Malaysia and Sabah and Sarawak in Borneo are
accessible via their sea ports. Malaysia's largest modern
sea port is Port Klang, located midway on the west coast of
Peninsular Malaysia. It has excellent harbourage and is a
major shipping and cargo terminal. Other sea ports are in
Penang and Langkawi. In the north of Peninsular Malaysia,
Johor to the south and Kuantan to the East.
| Moving About In Malaysia
Travel in the country is easy
enough. Once you have decided where you want to head to, all
you have to decide is what mode of transport you would prefer.
Most major cities in the country have an airport, while the
rail service links the north to the south and even extends
to the east of Peninsular Malaysia. Sabah has its own rail
track. Of course there is road transport, by car, by bus or
The main gateway to Malaysia is through the new Kuala Lumpur
International Airport (KLIA) in Sepang, located approximately
50km south of the nation's capital of Kuala Lumpur . KLIA
is one of the largest in the world, and also one of the most
advanced with the most sophisticated passenger facilities
in the region. It is positioned to be the preferred regional
hub and transit point linking the world to the rest of Southeast
Asia and the Asia Pacific. KLIA is able to manage 7,130 passengers,
both domestic and international, at peak hour.
The Sultan Abdul Aziz Shah Airport
in Subang serves a few domestic and regional airlines. Other
major international airports which serves as entry points
are Penang, Kuching, Kota Kinabalu and Langkawi.
Malaysian roads are among the best in this region. Driving
is an interesting mode of seeing the country. An overland
journey to Malaysia from Thailand and Singapore can be made
easily by driving through the North-South Expressway on the
West coast and East-West highway to the East coast. Car rental
services are easily available. Buses, taxis and coaches, both
interstate and local ply between various destinations. Maximum
speed limit on the highway is 110 km/h.
Keretapi Tanah Melayu Berhad (KTM) or Malayan Railways has
an impressive rail network that connects all the major towns
in the peninsula. It stretches all the way into Singapore
in the south and on into Thailand in the north. The KTM Railpass
has all the benefits of first-class travel, but at economy
rates. Railpass holders are allowed unlimited travel on any
passenger train in Malaysia and Singapore for the duration
of the railpass.
The price of adults is US$55
for 10 days and US120 for 30 days. For children between 4
and 12 years old, the Railpass is US28 (10 days) and US60
(30 days). A luxury train service, the Eastern and Oriental
Express, which is modelled after the world renowed Orient
Express, is available too.The 41-hour round-trip journey makes
its route from Singapore, through Kuala Lumpur before going
up north to Bangkok and then back again.
About In KUALA LUMPUR
- The city has an efficient transportation network tha enables
visitors to move around conveniently and economically. Taxi
services in the City taxis operate by meter. The current rate
is RM2 for the first 5km and 10sen for each subsequent 200m.
Radio taxis charge an additional RM1 for phone bookings. Taxis
may be hired from taxi stands, hailed at the roadsides or
through a radio-phone paging system.
- The classic Moorish-style Kuala Lumpur Railway Station is
air-conditioned and allows travellers to purchase tickets
to almost anywhere in the Peninsula. The flexibility and convenience
of traveling by train has now been reinforced by anew service
-the KTM Komuter. It offers a speedy electric train service
plying from Kuala Lumpur to as far as Port Klang, Rawang and
Seremban. With 40 stops by the KTM Komuter and the normal
express and mail trains spanning the peninsular, travellers
now have a choice of an alternative mode of transport for
both short and long distance journeys. (KTM Komuter Tel: 03
- 272 2828
- City buses in Kuala Lumpur operate services both within
the city as well as to numerous points within the Klang Valley.
generally, these buses provide air-conditioned comfort and
are equipped with coin and card-operated automatic ticket
The following are the major bus stations in the city:
Klang Bus Station To Petaling
Jaya, Sultan Abdul Aziz Shah Airport, Subang, Shah Alam and
Jalan Sultan Mohamad Bus Station To Bangsar, Petaling Jaya
(Old Town), Kelana Jaya and Bukit Pantai Damansara.
Bangkok Bank Bus Stand To Selayang Baru, Segambut Dalam and
Kota Raya Shopping Complex/Menara Maybank To Jalan Cheras,
Sri Petaling, Serdang lama, Taman Goodwood, Salak South, Sungei
Besi, Kmapung Pandan, Bandar Tun Razak and Taman Maluri
Pudu Bus Station To Sri Kembangan, Sungei Besi Camp, Balakong,
Taman Seri Serdang, Kajang
Lebuh Ampang Bus Stand To Taman Greenwood, Kampung Air Panas,
Sri Gombak, Taman Setapak and Batu 12 Gombak
Chow Kit Bus Stand To Kampung Datuk keramat, Ulu Kelang, bangsar,
Gombak and Jalan Genting Kelang
LIGHT RAIL TRANSIT
This is about the best mode of transportation when you want
to move about in Kuala Lumpur city. The price is cheap &
best of all, you are not caught in the usual chaotic traffic
jams, which gets so very bad when it rains. Phase 1 of the
LRT system (STAR) was completed in 1996. It covers a distance
of 12 km and consist of 13 stations. Daily operating hours
are between 6.00am to 12.00 midnight. The LRT system forms
an integral part of the overall integrated urban tranportation
system planned for Kuala Lumpur. Honestly, the best way to
move around the city.
AND WHERE TO SHOP.
Bukit Bintang Street - Bukit
Bintang is indisputably one of the city's foremost shopping
districts offering a multitude of merchandise to suit every
taste and budget. The cities major shopping outlets are located
in this area namely Sungei Wang Plaza, Bukit Bintang Plaza,
lmbi Plaza, Lot 10, Starhill Plaza and Kuala Lumpur Plaza.
Bukit Bintang Plaza
One of KL's oldest shopping centres, Bukit Bintang Plaza still
attracts the crowds with its offerings of local and international
goods comprising clothes, fashion accessories, footwear, sports
goods, electrical equipment, pharmaceutical products, computers
Sungei Wang Plaza
Integrated with the adjacent Bukit Bintang Plaza, Sungei Wang
Plaza is a magnet for all shoppers in the city. This perennially
popular shopping centre houses many retail outlets offering
an incredible assortment of goods catering for all tastes
Located beside Sungei Wang Plaza along Jalan lmbi, this is
the place for those who are interested in computer hardware
and software. Take your time to check out the latest computer
products at the numerous shops here.
This huge shopping mall with its distinctive green and blue
striped facade caters to upmarket shoppers. Shoppers will
have no problem finding their favourite branded designer items.
lsetan is the anchor tenant.
Star Hill Plaza
Adjacent to JW Marriot Hotel, Starriill Plaza is a stylish
building with marble flooring and gilded banisters. It has
six floors of retail outlets, mostly exclusive boutiques with
the Tangs Department Store as the anchor tenant.
Kuala Lumpur Plaza
Sandwiched between Lot 10 and Starhill Plaza, KL Plaza is
a good place to shop for exclusive watches, travelling bags,
designer shoes and jewellery. Tower Records the huge music
retail outlet located here is a treasure trove of audio-visual
items for music buffs.
Tuanku Abdul Rahman
This stretch of road is flanked on both sides by pre-war buildings
whose interesting facades have been preserved and re-adapted
for modern businesses, mostly retailing. Walk through the
archways of these shops for an immersion into a shopping and
cultural experience that goes back several decades. Major
shopping centres within this area are:
A major landmark along Jalan Tuanku Abdul Rahman, the Sogo
Department Store is modern and well patronised for its quality
goods. The selective tenant mix includes fashion boutiques,
house-hold furnishing, shoes stores, travel agencies, gift
shops, cosmetic counters, jewellers and restaurants.
One of the earlier shopping complexes in the city, it has
mid to budget priced items such as sportswear, shoes, handbags,
watches, photographic equipment and electronic goods. One
of the older shopping centres in town, this complex caters
to those looking for budget priced items.
Globe Silk Store, Kamdar
and Tang Ling
These stores, located along Jalan Tuanku Abdul Rahman, offer
affordable shopping for those on a budget. Popular items are
adults apparel, children's clothes, textiles, furnishing and
Lorong Tuanku Abdui Rahman is closed to traffic between 5pm
- 10pm every Saturday and transforms into a night market where
petty traders and hawkers sell an assortment of goods In-the
open air. The night market offers visitors an interesting
place to walk through and perhaps pick up some casual attire,
local products, clothing as well as sample some local delicacies.
Jalan Masjid India
Running parallel to Jalan Tuanku Abdul Rahman, this street
is lined by shops selling Indian items such as sarees, sandlewood
oil, bangles, silver anklets, gold jewellery, brassware and
Indian silver tableware. Other items include religious materials,
handicrafts, herbs and perfumed oils.
Malaysian cuisine is exotic
with an exciting range of flavours and culinary styles offering
the uninitiated an endless gastronomic adventure. It comprises
three main groups - Malay, Chinese and Indian with each having
its own distinct style of cooking. There are also cuisines
that have evolved from the meeting of cultures notably those
of the Nyonya and Indian Muslim communities.
For the visitor who is
interested in dining out, Kuala Lumpur will prove to be a
unique experience both in terms of the array of culinary delights
as well as in the wide choice of settings. You can dine out
at posh hotel restaurants, elegant chain restaurants, chic
sidewalk cafes, delicatessens or eat out at the many hawker
stalls till the wee hours of the morning. The are many fast
food chains such as A&W, McDonalds, KFC & other westen
& eastern eateries and restaurants.
Malay cuisine is rich and spicy
arising from the use of hard spices and a wet spice mixture
of rempah and coconut milk. Malay cuisine varies from region
to region. Kelantanese cuisine, akin to Thai cooking for example,
has a sweetish taste due to liberal use of coconut milk and
sugar in cooking. On the other hand, the cuisine of Kedah
is spicier due to the influence of Indians who arrived here
centuries ago during the spice trade.
For the adventurous, there is an array of popular Malay dishes
to tantalise their buds. A favourite with Malaysians is nasi
lemak, rice cooked in coconut milk served with anchovies,
squids, eggs, cucumber and sambal (chili paste). An East Coast
favourite is nasi dagang, fragrant unpolished glutinous rice
steamed with coconut milk and served with tuna fish curry.
Nasi kerabu, another rice-based dish native to Kelantan, is
served with local herbs and salted fish A Malay banquet would
not be complete without the ever popular satay, skewered chicken
or beef marinated in spices, the grilled over charcoal fire.
It is served with peanut gravy, rice cubes, cucumber and onions..
Foreign visitors will be pleasantly
surprised to discover the abundance of international cuisine
available in KL. Restaurants serving international cuisine
can usually be found in major hotels as well as in the vicinity
of Jalan Sultan Ismail, Jalan Ampang and Bnagsar where thre
is a sizeable expatriate community
A wide variety of Chinese cuisine
is available in Kuala Lumpur. Among the popular styles of
cooking are those of the Cantonese, Hokkien, Hainanese, Hakka
and Szechuan communities. Generally, Chinese is mild in flavour
but local influence has given it a slightly spicies taste.
In addition to breakfast, lunch and dinner, there are elenvenses
where dim sum (steamed snacks) is served. Apart from the hotel
outlets and large chain restaurants, Chinese food is also
available in most coffee shops around KL.
Indian cuisine is rich and spicy
arising from the use of hard spices and a wet spice mixture
of rempah or curry powder. Indian ciusine in Asia are usually
very potent and can be very hard on the tum. It's not like
what you get down town in Portsmouth or Manchester. Indian
food in Malaysia can be quite unforgiving on the stomach for
first timer 'non-hard core' curried cuisine novices. So, take
heed be forewarn. Indian food can easily be found at most
street stalls and hotels. If you are brave enough, we suggest
you try the Indian cuisine within the hotel, where the potentcy
can be a little forgiving on the tummy and are much more decently
& Drivers | Race Day Schedule
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